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Issue 22

Issue 22

  • Period: 2019 - December 2018 - July
  • Volume: 11

Articles

  Aysun SARIBEY HAYKIRAN

 

Cami-i Atik Neighborhood in the District of Aydın Güzelhisar According to the Census of 1831

Census, which generally means as the work of counting the population of a certain

area in a certain period, is accepted as one of the leading sources of data in determining the

population of the states. It has only been possible for the states to establish a more effective

state mechanism via using the data of the so-called censuses. The census of the population,

which played an important role in the socio-economic development of the Ottoman Empire,

as it was in the other states of the same time period, also gained importance with the census

of the land and property in the early XIX. th century within the efforts of the state to save itself

from collapsing. Initially, the first census in the modern sense, in which only men were

counted for the purpose of military service and tax collecting, was in the reign of Sultan

Mahmud II, in the year 1831. These type of censuses continued until the fall of the empire.

In this study, the NFS.d.03008, H. 1246/1831 dated and the population of both the neighborhoods

and the villages in Güzelhisar district as an administrative center of the neighborhood

known as Paşa will try to be analyzed. All the records related to the Mosque-Atik

Neighborhood will also be evaluated. In addition to this, this study will be supported with

secondary sources such as books and articles of the mentioned period and the quality and

the quantity of the population of the Mosque-Atik neighborhood will try to be revealed.

  Census of 1831, Census Book, Güzelhisar District, Paşa Neighborhood, Camii-Atik Neighborhood, Ulu Cami (Grand Mosque).

 

  Mehmet BASARAN

 

HASANLI/UZUN HASANLAR VILLAGE ACCORDING TO DIVIDENDS BOOK NUMBER 2290

With the Tanzimat Edict, the Ottoman Empire entered the restructuring process. With

this aim, getting an income tax basis from properties of the taxpayers living in public according

to their annual income was considered. Those tax records were written in profit notebooks.

These books contain detailed information about the number of taxpayer households,

the amount of land, the products grown, the taxes paid and number of animals.

In this research, an evaluation was done by searching Uzun Hasan’s BOA, ML. VRD.

TMT.d 02290 numbered notebooks in the profit notebooks of Head of the Presidential State

Archives of the Republic of Turkey.

  Uzun Hasanlar, Menemen, profit notebooks, income tax

 

  Kemal Ramazan Haykiran

 

Ahmed Gazi Külliyesi Of Eski Çine As An İmportant Center Of Ahi Organization In

As one of the leading institutions that oriented the cultural life of Medival Age Anatolia,

Ahi Organization protected its existence, starting from the beginning of 14th century

when the first successful sovereignty of the Turks in Western Anatolia around Aydın province

and also from the 15th century with the arrival of the Ottomans to the region.

In this essay, Ahmed Gazi Külliyesi as an early Islamic social and religious complex in

Eski Çine, which was an important cultural center during the era of Menteşeoğulları, will try

to be analyzed. This work also aims to present the importance of the Ahmed Gazi Külliyesi

as a critical place that shows the presence of the Ahi organization in the region in the 14th

and the 15th centuries.

  Ahi Organization, Eski Çine, Ahmed Gazi, Ahi İbrahim, Ahi Bayram

 

  Ozlem TOKER GOKCE

 

The Emergence And Early Periods Of Arap Nationalism

The emergence of Arabnationalism dates back to the 19th century. Among there a sonsfor

Arab nationalism are the activities of American and French Protestant missionaries in the

region, theactivities of Muslimin tellectuals defending Islamic modernization, and the Turkish

nationalist policies of the Young Turks. During this period, theArab nationalism movement

began to spreada mong the Christian Arabs who first in teracted with the West. The

expansion of the idea of nationalism among Muslim Arabs took longer due to the religious

connection established by the Ottoman Empire and Islam.

After the declaration of these cond constitutional monarchy in 1908, following the end

of II. Abdülhamit's regime that began to attachim portance to the Islamic Union, Arab nationalism

became politicized by Muslim Arabs by adopting a secular and nationalist ideology

by the Committee of Unionand Progress.

After the First World War, the failuret opromise to the Arabs to establish an independent

Arab state with the correspondence of Sharif Hussein-Mac Mahonand the disillusionment

between the French and British manda teregimes that were established in theregionled

to the Arab nationalism movement becoming radicalized by new questsand turning into a

struggle for in dependence against Western powers.

In this study, the change sand developments in the period between the emergence of

Arab nationalismand the events of the period until the Second World War are examined.

  Arab Nationalism, Ottoman Empire, Nationalism, Syria

 

  Mesut MEZKIT

 

The Positive or Negative Effects of Real Estate Purchasing and Sales Transactions to Foreigners

In the economic structure of our country in recent years one of the most debated economic

issues of importance current account deficit. Current account deficit problems after

the 1990 liberalization of the financial year for Turkey has been further clarified. The current

account deficit has become more important for Turkey's macroeconomic indicators, particularly

economic growth and stability. The ultimate aim of general economic policies is to achieve

“internal balance” and “external balance isinde in a country's economy. Unacceptable

and unsustainable current account deficits mean more and more distancing from the external

balance. From time to time, those who manage economic policy try to take measures to reduce

the current account deficit. Among the measures taken, the short-term ones related to the

reduction of imports attract more attention. Yet at the same time in Turkey's exports and

imports is the determinant of economic growth, reduction of exports and imports are down

both growth figures. Although there are many factors that led to the current current account

deficit, especially in Turkey's economy since the 2000s, intermediate and capital goods in and

energy import dependency, impairment and structure of exports, savings deficit, borrowing

facilities, exchange rate policy, short-term capital flows, economic instability many structural

factors, such as play a role in Turkey's current account deficit.

In this study, it is aimed to analyze the positive or negative effects of the current account

deficit of foreign sales between 2010-2018 obtained from the General Directorate of Land

Registry and Cadastre General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre in order to analyze

the positive or negative effects of real estate purchases and sales transactions to foreigners.

The aim of this study current account deficit in Turkey, where sustainable or not, especially

since the year 2012 removed to determine how to be effective in providing internal dengeexternal

balance with correspondence law is to contribute whether it is possible a sustainable

current account deficit. For the said analysis, the 2010-2018 periods were examined and it

was concluded that there was a cointegration relationship between the series in all periods

and although there were short-term deviations, these deviations disappeared in the long

term. Turkey's current account deficit problem, according to our econometric model can poorly

maintained.

  Current Account Deficit, Financing Quality, Sustainability, Immovable Sale to Foreigners, Land Registry Law, Property

 

  Mehti CIFTCI

 

The Importance of Qudus in the Organization of the Crusades

Jerusalem is an important city with in three divine religions. For this reason, the city of Jerusalem

has been at the center of wars since the early ages. Which religious group had the city in the

hands of the city was a great respect. Due to this reason, the pilgrims who came to there gion developed

the trade of Jerusalem. Hate has been in creased as trade meets cultures. The Crusades give

us insight into how commercial and cultural relation sinteract. We need tounder stand what the

city of Jerusalem wants to do in there gion. The importance of these afleet carrie dout by the Italian

Fleet should be known. Because the Italian city-states continued their trade privileges during the

Crusade in the Muslim Turkish States. The main purpose of this article is the activities of the City

of Jerusalem until the in vasion of the Crusader sand the collapse of the Crusader Kingdom of

Jerusalem. Until the occupation of the city by the Crusaders, the city of Jerusalem wasamong the

subjects of the struggle in the struggle with the Anatolian Seljuk State. It wasalsode scribed in the-

Near East and Europe before the Crusades. The establishment of the Ayyubid State and its policy

to wards the Crusaders are given.

  Jerusalem City,The Crusades, Italian Fleet,The Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, Near East, European, Eyyubi State

 

  Muhittin CEKEN

 

A Holy City Within the Struggle of Sovereignty Between The Byzantine Empire and The Sasanids: Jarusalem

Jerusalem, with its ancient history, has been a city that has attracted the attention of

many states throughout the history and great struggles has been given for its sake because

because of its geopolitical location and its fertile lands. Jerusalem, which started to come to

the forefront with its religious identity with the settlements of the Israelites, by the IVth century

Christianity, by the VIIth century and it has become the only city accepted as sacred by

three heavenly religions. Because of its religious and geopolitical factors, Jerusalem has been

the most contetsted city. It has been the scene of a series of struggles from ancient times to

the present. When it came to the VIIth century, it became one of the contention fields of the

two most powerful empires of the period: Byzantine Empire and Sassanids, which emerged

as rivals in the East. Jerusalem, which has changed hands twice between these two empires

in about a quarter century, has become the main element of the struggle of these two empires.

Inourstudy, we will evaluate the influence of the Byzantine-Sassanid wars, one of the

most characteristic domination struggles of the VII. century, on Jerusalem and the Jewsand

Christians who formed the population of Jerusalem during this period.

  Jerusalem, Judaism, Christianity, Roman-Byzantine, Sasanian, Heraklius

 

  Halil ACAR

 

JOURNEY TO HOPE

Ali was an engineer in Pakistan. He had a son and a daughter. His wife Zeynep was also a primary school teacher. In the early days of the regime Zeynep continued to teach as Ali. The Taliban began to interfere with the ladies' clothes and the lessons that have been taught in schools. These difficult times lasted like this for two months. They were at ease for a couple of days but Taliban tightened the rules as time passed by. Zeynep could not stand to be a teacher and left on the third year of the regime...