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Issue 4

Issue 4

  • Period: 2010 - Winter
  • Volume: 2

Articles

  Yrd. Doc. Dr. Abdulkadir AKIL, Hakim Canan KUCUKALI

 

Right of Self Determination According to International Law and Problem of Chechnya

Right of “The Self Determination of People goes back from Aristotle’s’ “only the best can be achieved by creation city governments but not with huge empires” idea, to 158 city governments definition in Greece. This is a flexible term which is still discussed today that is still being the points in various international pacts and contracts and still keeping its importance, however countries accepted its existence in international they still refrain from defining it because it may damage themselves and these countries fail to define their boards as well. Apart from this, it is useful to make it clear that right of self determination is a thing different from the rights of minorities though they seem similar to each other. For this reason, we think that it will be useful to state that we will only discuss this matter in terms of self determination term. International petroleum wars between corporations and problem of pipeline in Middle Asia and Caucasian make this situation even more complex. Conflicts in the region gained a new aspect with oil and natural gas pipelines, Russia tried to make these pipelines in its own territories, so made strategic plans against USA and its allies, got into a bloody war with Chechnya as they wanted to pass the pipeline through the boarders of Chechnya(1).Kremlin government, which wanted to pass oil pipelines from their own territory, increased pressure on their neighbours making use of local conflicts as a reason and narrowed the fields of new republic in this region(2). Its impossible to discuss struggle of freedom of Chechnya and right of self determination regardless of this situation. However, current statues of Chechnya will be dealed apart from the international relationships in this pieces of work. Though Chechnya has terrorism, violation of human rights, genocide that can be dealed through international law, in this work, we will try to inspect whether Chechnya has right for self determination or not by observing the history and current situation of Chechnya.

  Self Determination, Chechnya, Ýnternational Law, Minorities, The Caucasus, Independence

 

  Turkiye Cumhuriyeti Disisleri Bakani Prof Dr. Ahmet DAVUTOGLU

 

Turkey

Throughout modern history, there has been a direct relationship between conflict and the emergence of new ways of arbitrating world affairs. Every major war since the 17th century was concluded by a treaty that led to the emergence of a new order, from the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 that followed the Thirty Years' War, to the Congress of Vienna of 1814-1815 that brought an end to the Napoleonic Wars, to the ill-fated Treaty of Versailles that concluded the first World War, to the agreement at Yalta that laid the groundwork for the establishment of the United Nations in 1945. Yet the Cold War, which could be regarded as a global-scale war, ended not with grand summitry, but with the fall of the Iron Curtain and the collapse of the Soviet Union. There was no official conclusion; one of the combatant sides just suddenly ceased to exist.

 

  Arastirmaci - Yazar Mesut MEZKIT

 

Whether Turkish nationalism is racism or nationalism is a confusing question.

Effectiveness of racism and nationalism on sha-ping society according to some ideological aims is measu-red by main themes which direct these doctrines. It is an inevitable fact that a discipline which contrasts to fundamental values and ethics of a society, can not survive. It is a political reality of history to charge people for their recipes which fail to recover pe-ople. It is possible to realize the fact that how the ideas of gover-nors affect the societies, peoples and person’s belief system by looking closely to the guides of Turkish nationalism movement.

 

  Jacques Ranciere

 

Thinking Between Disciplines: An Aesthetics Of Knowledge

What should be understood by the invocation of an ‘aesthetics of knowledge’? It is clearly not a matter of saying that the forms of knowledge must take on an aesthetic dimension. The expression presupposes that such a dimension does not have to be added as a supplementary ornament, that it is there in every sense as an immanent given of knowledge. It remains to be seen what this implies. The thesis that I would like to present is simple: to speak of an aesthetic dimension of knowledge is to speak of a dimension of ignorance which divides the idea and the practise of knowledge themselves.

 

  Mike PALECEK

 

Capitalism Versus Science

We are constantly bombarded with the myth that capitalism drives innovation, technology, and scientific advancement. But in fact, the precise opposite is true. Capitalism is holding back every aspect of human development, and science and technology is no exception. We are constantly bombarded with the myth that capitalism drives innovation, technology, and scientific advancement. We are told that competition, combined with the profit motive, pushes science to new frontiers and gives big corporations incentive to invent new medicines, drugs, and treatments. The free market, we are told, is the greatest motivator for human advance. But in fact, the precise opposite is true. Patents, profits, and private ownership of the means of production are actually the greatest fetters science has known in recent history.


 

  Rick WOLFF

 

Capitalist Crisis, Marx

Capitalism happens. When and where it does, capitalism casts its own special shadow: a self-critique of capitalism’s basic flaws that says modern society can do better by establishing very different, postcapitalist economic systems. This critical shadow rises up to terrify capitalism when -- in crisis periods such as now -- capitalism hits the fan. Karl Marx poetically called that shadow the specter that haunts capitalism

 

  Sulayman Faruk GONCUOGLU

 

What if Universities Begin to Talk

In 1848, a bording and a day Ottoman universities, namely a sense of college, which was supposed to embrace all education and science after secondary education in today’s context was expressed. Although these ideas were tried to pursuit in the same year, we see first results of these efforts in 1870. The fýrst supposed sense of Ottoman University was in the presence of Ministry of Education and it was achieved as the ahead of the first supposed.

 

  Dr. Ed LAWLER

 

Behavioral Performance Management

Learning Objectives Define the theoretical processes of learning: behavioristic cognitive, and social. Discuss the principle of reinforcement with special attention given to the law of effect positive and negative reinforcers, and punishment. Analyze organizational reward systems, emphasizing both monetary and nonfinancla I rewards. Present the steps and resutts of behavioral performance management, or organizational behavior modification (O.B. Mod.).