• ISSN: 1308-9412 * e-ISSN: 2757-7120
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Issue 9

Issue 9

  • Period: 2012 - July - December
  • Volume: 4


  Celaleddin SERINKAN



The success ofour country's academic studies shown at a high degree in the lastfew years in the academic field ought to be highly acclaimed. Just before ten years, lecturers could notfind many academic journals in order to make their articles published. But today, the number and quality o f academic journals have increased considerably; therefore, academic journals have almost come to a point where they are lookingfor articles.Whereas the journals which were searched abroad were in demand before, now in our country, too, the number ofjournals being searched by international organisations is rising.

Yeni Fikir Academic Journal (International Journal ofAcademic Research and Studies-IJARES) began its academic career five years ago and has prolonged its existence up to now with the beliefin contributing to the country's academic society, completely with the selfless efforts o f the founders and advisory board. For this reason, it follows quite hard and expensive process. As o f today, Yeni Fikir Academic Journal is searched by Asos, Academic Directory and General Directorate o f Public Records. It has been applied to ULAKBIM, and their response is in progress. Besides, it will be applied to EBSCOHOST soon.

I have tried to contribute at the most during the period which I have been in as an advisor since the foundation o f the journal. On this 9th issue too, I have tried to carry it out by accepting the offer of being the editor. 12 invaluable studies have taken place totally on this 9th issue. Each academic article has been accepted that it can be published after the approval by two referees surely at least. In this process, 22 lecturers from different universities o f our country have supported us as referees. I thank you them each and would like to say that we expect their support in the coming studies, too.

On Yeni Fikir Academic Journal comments and short articles take place, too. I also state that we are expectingfor the studies o f the lecturers in the coming issues and thank you for everyone who has contributed.


  Emine ONDER, Ali TAS,


The Relationship Between Research Assistants’ Values and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors


In this study, it was aimed to present whether there was a relationship between research assistants’ individual values and organizational citizenship behaviors or not and the effect of individual values on organizational citizenship behaviors. Within the scope of this object, data were obtained through “Values, Sense of Crime, Moral Judgment Scale” and “Organizational Citizenship Scale”. The study group included the research assistants of Süleyman Demirel University and Mehmet Akif Ersoy University. The study was designed according to descriptive survey model. In this study, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, correlation and regression analysis were presented. While individual values of research assistants were specified as political, moral, aesthetics, economic, scientific, social and religious values. Organizational citizenship behaviors were specified as kindness, conscience, cooperation, civil virtue and gentleman ship. It was found that there was a relationship between cooperation aspects of organizational citizenship behaviors and religious, social, aesthetics and political values. Besides, it was found that aesthetics value was a meaningful predictor on kindness organizational citizenship behaviors.

  8 - 25

  Research assistant, organizational citizenship behaviors, value, individual values


  Mustafa BIYIKLI


An Overview Of The Arap Thought Action From Separatist Action Against The Ottomans To The Struggle Of Independence And Sovereignty Against The West


The Turkish-Arabic alliance, union and peace have shown itself as an important support in terms of the conquests against West. Especially, the Turkish-Arabic unity which was established by Ottomans through getting Arabs under administration has facilitated and accelerated the Ottoman conquests against west. But besides the fact that the West has gotten the economic and technical superiority, the development in communication and publication means and the negative effect of nationalism, independence and democracy understanding, which has occurred in West as a result of these means, on the Ottoman administration and society structure has brought about some unwanted results. In that process the religion and customs has been primarily effective. The protection politics and propaganda of the Western countries intended for the minority groups living in Ottoman Empire has accelerated these minorities’ desire for freedom and autonomy. These politics and propagandas have been effective firstly on the Christian elements living in Ottoman Empire. Although the nationalist movements and desire for independence of the Serbians and Greeks have caused some problems for Ottomans, especially the nationalist movements and the desire of independence of Arabs have been astonishing for Ottomans. Although the Ottoman government has fought for keeping up a Turkish-Arabic unity in 19th century, as a result of the fact that Christian-Arab intellectuals which are living intensively in Syria, Lebanon and Egypt have generated, with the encouragement of West, the Arabic nationalism and separation ideas and provoked the organized separation movements the fragmentation process of Ottomans has been accelerated. The Muslim and non- Muslim separatist groups which has been deceived by the support and the promises of the Western countries have acted together and this has served the interest of the western countries. After the collapse of Ottoman State, especially the Arabs has observed that the promises were not being fulfilled and started to fight for independence and freedom under the mandate of Western countries. This has been a historic experience especially for Arabs. The works and discussions on the gains and losses of Turkish-Arabic solidarity has been continues up to this time.

  26 - 48

  Arab nationalism, Separatist actions, the Arab struggle for independence, the Turkish-Arab Relations


  Ibrahim ORGAN, Doðan BOZDOGAN


Application And Taxation Of Option Agreements In Turkey


Interest rates, commodity prices and exchange rate developments increased the need for alternative financial products. Studied the development of derivatives markets as a result of this need, and a number of regulations have been made for it. These arrangements were made in the legal and taxation. Meet in derivates market for Turkey based on in the 1980s. In derivatives markets, option contracts, forward contracts, swap contracts and futures contracts are included. The option contracts in derivative products, price of the product in any way bought this product today, securing a further term on the condition that the right to purchase or sell the deal. A commonly used derivative product. Option agreement, as well as other derivative products in Turkey and for the lack of a number of legal and tax regulations are not worthy. In this study, information regarding the expansion of option contracts in the field of taxation and the user will be given and shall putting forward the lack of propose solutions to the current tax system.

  49 - 63

  Derivative Products, Option Contracts, Taxation, Turkey




The Importance of Concept of Mobbing in Terms Of Individual and Organization


Globalization and competition, developments in communication and production technologies, efforts of entering new markets and growing in existing markets, customers awareness and changes in desires and needs, with the development of the concept of total quality management, requests for employee participation and more democratic management cause of these changes are shown. In the 1960s, the existence of a new phenomenon started to be mentioned that conflicts of interest behavior with psychological violence applied in a systematic way towards people who are considered to be a potential competitor This phenomenon is called as Psychological violence (mobbing) in workplace. Studies at sectoral level betray that psychological violence cases principally emerge from medical establishment, universities and voluntary organizations. The purpose of this study to reveal what mobbing means and how it is perceived in terms of the individual and the organization. For this purpose, a literature review was carried out based on the studies that have been made. The findings of the literature review reveal that the phenomenon of mobbing already exists from past, but it has not appeared because of people do not know or realize what it means. It is necessary to fight against the psychological pressure caused by psychological stress in the workplace because of its cost and harm to individuals, institutions and communities. Therefore, eliminating all kinds of psychological pressure (mobbing), to make institutions into social structures that have a strong sense of commitment, job satisfaction and peace can be seen among the things to make it as a priority.

  64 - 74

  Psychological Violence (Mobbing), Intimidation, Emotional Abuse, Bullying


  Halil SAVAS


The Evaluation Performance of Statistics Course of Business Departments Students


The main factors affecting the success of students divided into three categories generally; teaching staff, students and environmental-oriented. Achievements of students on the basis of these factors, measurement, evaluation and analysis of the results of incorrect applications have to be detected on the one hand, on the other hand will provide infrastructure for continual improvement of the performance of success. Following the success of the students performance in detail, evaluate and analyze results, and produce new policies that can make it all the time is very low considering the number of universities, it will be better understood the importance of such studies. In this study, Pamukkale University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences Department of Business Statistics I Fall Semester 2012-2013 Academic Year course in English and Turkish students achievement exam performance were compared. Teaching language in addition to the effect on the performance of the students success, gender, education, and an average of variables such as type of course to determine the effect on the performance of success.

  75 - 85

  Performance Evaluation, Business, Statistics, Exam Success Performance, Foreign Language




Alternative Proposals for Tourist Product Development of Intangible Cultural Heritage Elements


UNESCO signed "Convention on the Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage" in General Conference in 2003. Turkey became a member by signing specifically the article 5448 named as "Law on Ratification of the Convention on the Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage" in 2006. The main purpose of this study is to focus upon intangible cultural heritage elements as tourist product and to give alternative product development examples. For this purpose, the first part of the study focuses on the concepts of culture and intangible cultural heritage. In the second part, the process of Turkey becoming a member in intangible cultural heritage and intangible cultural Heritage (ICH) of Turkey were evaluated. In the third part, the concept of tourism was defined and information about the current state of tourism in Turkey and the World was provided. This chapter also discussed the relationship between culture and tourism. In the conclusion part of the study, the exemplary solutions were presented for the elements of intangible cultural heritage as tourism products.

  86 - 98

  Culture, ICH, Tourism, Tourist Product




The Effect on Employees


The growing organizations, increased competition, technological developments, increasing number of complex chain of relationships within the organization have increased the importance of effective communication in the organizations. The establishment of an effective communication system is administrator's job. An administrator uses to make business communication style with subordinates, because this communication style is important for the subordinates. The communication mistakes affected employees' motivation, job satisfaction, decreased of their commitment to the organization, and leaded to deterioration of morale. In this study, activity in the province of Denizli Pamukkale and Karahayıt to the city center, the hotel employees serving businesses relationships with managers and their colleagues are analyzed. A positive impact on employee motivation of the chain of this relationship has been identified.

  99 - 117

  Communication, Organizational Communication, Motivation


  Ahmet KOC


The Relationship Between Nomads and the Administration in the Ottoman Countryside: The Settlement of the Tabanli Turkoman Tribe in Ankara


It is known that the Bozulus Turkomans which were one of the most extensive nomadic communities of the East and South-east Anatolia spread out in Anatolia from the end of the 16th century. The Bozulus Turkomans which were more populated than many towns in Anatolia and began to live in Ankara, Karaman and Aydın areas. Like the other Turkoman tribes from Bozulus, the Tabanlı tribe spotted the productive lands around Ankara for themselves. When the Tabanlı tribe began to settle in Ankara area the Ottoman administration obliged them to pay various taxes and the nomads established a social life in this way. In this work, considering the Tabanlı tribe’s obligations it is dealth with their social order, mukataas and services for the state. Nomadic Tabanlı Turkomans faced some problems when they were fulfilling their obligations. The policies of the Ottoman administration about the Turkomans and the problems the Tabanlı tribe faced in Ankara area directed nomads to thuggery. The question what was the causes leading Turkomans to thuggery is important because it is the key for understanding the other cases in Anatolia. Meanwhile, during the banditry events that made constant by the Turkomans in Anatolia some groups related to the Tabanlı Turkoman tribe migrated from Ankara to the Western Anatolia. The Ottoman administration, in one hand tried to bring back these groups, on the other hand deported the tribe members who engaged in banditry around Ankara to Rakka. In this work, the historical process the Tabanlı Turkomans got into is analyzed in the light of the Ankara court records (şeriyye sicilleri) and other archival documents.

  125 - 149

  Ottoman Administration, Ankara, Nomad, Turkoman, Bozulus, Tabanlı


  Mustafa BIYIKLI




The new Turkish State showed, with its positive relations, peaceful neighborhood that it founded during the process in which it was re-modeling its foreign policy, and the Sadâbat Pact and peace of Montreux which was founded with peaceful, friendly intentions, that the global and regional peace and common security must be established and protected with the participation of all states. The common peace, common security and regional unity policies of the new Turkish State had awakened echo around the world and enhanced the reputation of the state abroad in a very short time.

  151 - 166

  the Turkish foreign policy, common peace, common security, alliances


  Ahmet CAKIR, Ibrahim AKSEL, Masoodul Hassan


The Role of KOSGEB Support of the SMES Institutionalization


In this study, basic information relating to SMEs, the concept of institutionalization and the results of field research about effects of support of KOSGEB (Republic of Turkey- Small and Medium Enterprises Development Organization) on SMEs institutionalization. Within this research, 200 SMEs, which has been operating in Istanbul Ikitelli Industrial Zone. The point in question, 100 entities that uses support and 100 entities that not uses support. The data were collected from face to face questionnaires with the owners and/or managers of enterprises. Evaluated the number of survey in this study is 45 entities that uses support and 57 entities that not uses support to total of 102 entities. According to the result of this research, supported firms are more institutionalize than not supported firms. Especially that dimensions; formal structure, cultural power, corporate social responsibility, compliance with corporate environment and norms.

  167 - 180

  SME, Institutionalization, Republic of Turkey- Small and Medium Enterprises Development Organization


  Mesut MEZKIT


Innovation or Modernisation? Modernisa on complying with Modernism


It is possible to see in history how the most fragile point of a nation could affect its future. The delicate side which cannot be hold at its strongest moment causes very serious losses as it gets weaker. It is inevitable that it starts to copy developed countries. So, it makes an unidentified future. Moreover, it will always need one that is stronger than itself so as to survive. As a Turkish nation, it is apparent how we have been copying the Western civilisation for a hundred and fifty years, particularly since the last century, which we have not taken seriously. In this article, we will analyse back and forths of Turkish nation between modernisation and innovation.

  181 - 198

  Defeat of Inebahti, Modernism, Innovation, Western Civilisation, Turkish Modernisation, Wild Capitalism


  Metin AKTAS


The Venture Capital Financing Model in Turkey and The United Kingdom: A Comparative Study


Since venture capital financing model particularly promote new ideas and new corporations, it is very precious for the developing countries. In developing countries like Turkey, unemployment rate is very high related to the developed countries. Therefore, by the usage of this financing model of which one of the most important goals is to have people start their own business, the developing countries not only increase their economic development but also decrease their high unemployment rate. The purpose of this study is to search the condition of the venture capital financing model in Turkey by comparing with the United Kingdom. For this analysis, the situations of the constraints about the venture capital in these countries are examined. In addition, by using research and development expenditures, patent applications of residents and nonresidents, number of venture capital companies and funding sources of the venture capitals, a comparison between these countries are made. At the end of the study, it can be concluded that because of the insufficient protection of minority shareholder rights, lack of the government involment to the venture capital system, shortness of the maturity of the funds, few expert consulting firms and weak opennes to the innovation, the usage of venture capital financing model in Turkey is very inadequate.

  199 - 213

  Turkey, United Kingdom, Venture Capital, Financing Model